The ‘St. Vincent’
The St. Vincent was no stranger on the Australia Run, serving as an emigrant ship making voyages to Sydney in 1840, 1841, 1844 and 1849 and as a convict ship in three voyages to Sydney in 1837 and Hobart in 1850 and 1853, being the last ship to transport convicts to Tasmania (Ref 1,2.) St. Vincent was built in London in1829 (Ref. 4) , originally 410 tons and lengthened in 1844 and remeasured as 497 tons o.m. and 630 tons n.m . (Ref 1)
Owners – Cruickshank and Co.
She was still afloat in1863.
Emigrant Ship “St.Vincent” shown here departing Deptford, England bound for Sydney, Australia (‘The Illustrated London News’, April 13th, 1844 Image No.14945) Remarkably this pen sketch records the exact moment in time that our family line seperated from its ancestral homeland.
The St. Vincent departed Deptford England on the 11th April 1844, thence to Plymouth and Cork and arrived at Botany Bay, Sydney on the 31st July 1844 (Ref. 3)
The Shipping Gazette and Sydney general trade list; 1844
THE ST. VINCENT—by the St Vincent 263 emigrants have arrived who all appear to be in a healthy state. Of these 157 embarked at Deptford viz 8 single females, 20 single men, 30 married couples and 69 children. At Cork, 107 more were taken on board—38 single women, 22 single men, 13 married couples, and 21 children. The passage has been completed in 105 days; during which five infants under the two years of age have died, chiefly from change of climate; and four births have occurred. The vessels spoken by her on the passage had no connection with the Australian colonies. The St. Vincent departed Port Jackson for Bali, in ballast, on the 1st September.(Ref.5)
Parramatta Chronicle (3/8/1844)
The St. Vincent has had a favourable passage from Cork, arriving here in 105 days. She crossed the line 30 days after sailing; made St. Paul’s in 77 days and would have completed her voyage in 95 days, had she not been detained, when about 100 miles to the westward of Cape Otaway, ten days from light easterly winds. She has, however, arrived all in good health, having had no disease of a contagious nature on board. Five deaths occured, children under two years of age, and three births, since leaving Cork. Total number of emigrants 264, principally agriculturists, with the exception of, as high as we could ascertain, 21 or 22 mechanics, consisting of 8 stonemasons, 9 carpenters, 3 tailors, and 1 gardener. 157 were shipped at Deptford – 30 married couples, 8 single females, 20 single men, and 69 children, from 1 to 14 years of age: 107 were shipped at Cork – 13 married couples, 38 single females, 22 single men, and 21 children, from 1 to 14 years of age.
Illustrated London News (13/4/1844) (Ref. 4,6)
This Ship was also featured in several articles and sketches by the “ILN” on the 13th April 1844, the very voyage George and Sarah Verrall undertook.
Description: An ‘Illustrated London News’ engraving showing life below deck on the emigrant ship ‘St Vincent’ (1829). Once used as a convict ship, the ‘St Vincent’ sailed from Deptford on 8 April 1844 with 165 emigrants to Sydney. She stopped in the West Country and at Cork, Ireland (known as Queenstown while under British rule) to take on additional migrants. Most of these emigrants had received special government grants that subisidised settlement in the colonies. The offer was open to families, single men ‘of good character’ and a proportion of single women between eighteen and thirty, who had been in domestic or farm service. The Illustrated London News stated ‘The future well being and respectability of the colony [Australia] mainly depends on the good conduct of the working classes’.
Credit line: National Maritime Museum, London
A. The hospital for females, fitted up with six bed places (one of which is prepared and devoted to accouchments.
B. The hospital for males, with four bed places.
Between A and B are 48 bed places, each 6 feet by 3 feet, for married people above, and for their children below, every one furnished with bedding, pegs for clothes, and each divided from the adjacent bed place by stout planks.
From the men’s hospital (B) a bulkhead goes across the ship to separate that part of the vessel forward, which is appropriated to the single men and youths, whose bed places number 46, and every one sleeps alone in a bed 6 feet by 2 feet.
Between C and D are 24 bed places for married people (as on the opposite side), a bulkhead then goes halfway across the deck, and runs in the amidships to the stem, enclosing the apartment of the single females, and containing 24 bed places, each 6 feet by 3 feet, as two are required to sleep together.
Along the whole of the amidships are tables with fixed seats, and beneath the tables are plate racks and battens to hold small casks containing the daily allowances of fresh water, provisions, etc.
see also download of Tales of Shipwrecks p. 787http://srwww.records.nsw.gov.au/ebook/list.asp?