Allen Family and Oliver Cromwell’s Plantation of Ireland

Main leads:

  • Eight Allens (William x 3, Francis, John, Thomas, Richard, Toby) are listed among the Adventurers who funded the war in Ireland that culminated in Oliver Cromwell’s plantation in the mid-17th century – three Allens (William, Francis and Richard) are listed among the Adventurers who were settled in Co. Tipperary
  • Edmund Allen, heir to Edmund Allen, deceased, was granted 77 acres in the barony of Clanwilliam, Co. Limerick c. 1666

Background to Develop:

  • Frank Allen’s remarks about Allen Family’s origins in Ireland
  • These following points are well covered in (say) Prendergast’s book, and others – can be summarized, excerpted or just referenced:
    • England’s scheme to fund the war in Ireland – the Adventurers and paying soldiers’ arrears in land grants
    • The selection of counties, baronies to satisfy the Adventurers and soldiers (3 classes, depending on when they entered the service)
    • The Civil Survey – know what land there was, some effort to value
    • Complex lottery scheme to assign lots to Adventurers and soldiers – some terms provided in the Act, some decided upon by officers etc

Prendergast, JP – The Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, 2nd edition, 1870

I. Prendergast’s List of Adventurers names eight Allens, most of them merchants based in London – William Allen, of London, vintner, seems to have contributed L200 toward the army and sea service.

II. Prendergast’s mapping and detailed discussion of the settlement of Adventurers and soldiers in Co. Tipperary, names three Allens among the Adventurers – planted in the baronies of Middlethird, Clanwilliam and Eliogartie.

III. Col. William Allen held a senior position in Cromwell’s army.

I. List of Adventurers – for Lands in Ireland and the Sea Service – Facsimile

For Lands

[no. 248] John Allen, clerke, L100

[no. 478] William Allen, of London, vintner, L200 – also see no. 1245 below.

[no. 599] William and Thomas Allen, of London, grocers, L600

[no. 676] Francis Allen, of Fleet-street, goldsmith, L200

[no. 801] William Allen, of Ditchett, L50

[no. 811] Richard Allen, of London, grocer, L50

[no. 981] Toby Allen, of Exon, merchant, L80

For the Sea Service

[no. 1245] William Allen, of London, vintner, L200 – also see no. 478 above.

II. Account of the Adventurers in the County of Tipperary – Facsimile

Francis Allen – Barony of Middlethird, Division North-East Quarter, No. 1 – Subdivision 2; Sums of money: L400; Irish Measure 888A 3R 22P; English Measure 1439A 3R 16P

Richard Allen – Barony of Clanwilliam, Division North-west Quarter, No. 1, Subdivision North-east, No. 1 {with nine others, including John Hart}; Sums of money: L200; Irish Measure 444A 1R 28P; English Measure 719A 3R 22P

William Allen – Barony of Eliogartie, Division North-west Part, No. 4, Subdivision North-east, No. 1 {with Nicholas Howard}; Sums of money: L550; Irish Measure 1222A 0R 35P; English Measure 1979A 3R 6P

III. Col. William Allen, Adjutant-General of the Army, and Commissioner of Cromwell’s Court of Claims in Ireland

[271, fn 3] Letter of Colonel William Allen, Adjutant-General of the Army, and Commissioner of Cromwell’s Court of Claims in Ireland, dated April 6th, 1654. Thurloe’s State Papers, vol. ii, p. 214.

Linehan, History of Limerick

[191] Large grants were made in the city and liberties of Limerick, and in particular in the North Liberties, to Sir William Petty, surveyor-general, for the services performed in the celebrated Down Survey under which the [192] forfeited estates were parcelled out … [Footnote 3 – {191}: Sir William Petty by his employment in surveying the forfeited lands in Ireland after the rebellion of 1641, acquired an estate … {192} The following are other grants at this period in the City and County of Limerick: … Edmond Allen, son and heir of Edmond Allen, deceased, obtained a grant of 77 a. in this barony [Clanwilliam]. [Note: No date is given for when the grant to Edmond Allen was “inrolled” – the range of dates for other grants is 1666 – 1669 or so]